Online Marketing by an Undergraduate


making sense of marketing one post at a time

Online Marketing – SEO, Blogging, and Social Media

My second white paper, another Hubspot piece titled Get Found Online (which you can download for free at (, explores three basic elements of marketing online – search engines, blogging, and social media. By delineating key elements of online marketing, the paper has clarified for me the structure of this field. After reading the breakdown below, what do you think are other key elements or facts that should not be missed?

Part 1: Search Engine Optimization (SEO)

The paper breaks down SEO into four steps  – (in order) keyword analysis, on page SEO, off page SEO, and measurement and analysis.

First, find the keywords that your customers use to describe your product or service. Additionally, figure out how much competition you have for these keywords. Having done your keyword homework, optimize your site by placing them strategically throughout – in urls, titles, headings, places where search engine crawlers will find them.

Next step, improve your off page SEO by getting people to link to your site  (note: this is the most effective method to moving up in search rankings). Finally, measure your number of inbound links over time–absolutely and compared to your competitors–and your real business results, ie visits and leads from SEO.

Part 2: Blogs

Another four step process, the paper breaks down blogging into reading, commenting, writing, and measuring and analyzing.

Begin by reading good blogs within your desired space – to find, search,, or use another self defined strategy. Once you have a feel for your space, comment on other blogs first to add value to the community, then when readers recognize your value, to develop recognition.

To the actual blogging, the paper suggests ideas for content – share an experience, comment on another post, or share links.  Additionally, blog at least weekly to remain relevant among your readers. Measure your success through traffic, rss subscribers, and other related metrics and measure your business results by how many leads and customers your blog generates.

Part 3: Social Media

Engage! That is the main social media take away. When you join an online community, focus on becoming a valuable member. Similar to commenting on blogs, ask questions, give help, trust others. Remember, the paper says, you are not engaging to promote your product or control the conversation. Develop credibility as an expert and the community will come to you (that, after all, is the mission of inbound marketing). As always, analyze the results of your efforts. Measure the relevant metrics in a given medium – measure the number of delicious bookmarks, the number of facebook friends and so on.

Wrap up:

In both the parts about blogging and social media, the paper suggests totals as a metric – visitors, facebook friends, bookmarks. I think equally important is the quality of those totals. Who engages the most? Bringing it back to Bud Caddell and his fan economy, how can you measure the number of your devoted fans? Readers, what do you think?


Filed under: Marketing Education, , ,

Hubspot Inbound Marketing Report – Analysis

Today I read my first white paper, the “State of Inbound Marketing”, produced by Hubspot. Below I list the paper’s three key findings and then present my reaction to the paper. Comments and criticism welcome.

3 Key Findings:

  1. Inbound Marketing channels deliver a dramatically lower cost-per-sales lead than outbound channels.
  2. Blogs lead other social media in terms of importance to business.
  3. Small businesses are most aggressively allocating lead generation budgets to blogging, social media, and search engine optimization.  (Hubspot, 3)

My Reaction:

Point 1 Take away: Dramatic Difference in lead cost between outbound marketing driven business and inbound marketing driven business overstated because of skew in large business outbound driven marketing spending.

When the white paper aggregates the survey data, an inbound marketing driven business lead averaged $84 in cost whereas the outbound marketing driven lead averaged $220—difference, $136. When the white paper breaks the data down, however, the difference grows to about $400 for large (>50 employees) businesses and shrinks to between $10-$15 for both small (<10 employees) and medium (11-49 employees) sized businesses—a much different picture.

A key cost driver for large outbound marketing driven businesses are the expensive trade shows—expensive because 55% of respondents said that trade shows cost above the average of other lead channels—to which they allocate at least 13% of their budget (at least 13% because this is the average for all large businesses, an outbound marketing driven business might allocate a higher portion of its budget to trade shows). On the other hand, small business only allocate about 5% of their budget to trade shows and only generate 5% of their leads from this channel.

The large business spending on such an expensive outbound marketing tool contributes to an overstatement of the difference in lead cost between an outbound marketing driven business and an inbound marketing driven business.


Point 2 Take away: Blogging leads other social media in importance but unclear why.

The white paper shows that 31% of respondents felt that blogging was critical to their business with fully 75% saying blogging was useful (the categories were critical, important, useful, somewhat useful, not useful). The social media tool Stumble Upon came in second with 5% of respondents saying the service was critical  and 55% saying the service was at least useful. For perceived business importance, blogging is the clear winner. The white paper, however, does not disaggregate blogging from social media in the lead generation statistics, so I cannot know the difference in effectiveness between blogging lead generation, and all other social media lead generation.


Point 3 Take away: Small businesses are aggressively shifting resources to inexpensive lead generating channels with success.

Small business respondents allocate three times the budget (15% vs. 4%) of medium-to-large businesses to blogging and social media resources. Additionally, they spend more (15% vs. 10%) on search engine optimization than medium-to-large businesses do. This finding suggests small businesses are more cost conscious than their larger counterparts, as 55% of respondents estimated blogging and social media costs are below the average cost of other lead generating channels and 48% responding SEO costs are below the average as well. Additionally, SEO was THE ONLY distribution channel that generated leads in a percentage significantly greater than its budget allocation (16% vs. 12%).


My Take away:

The white paper demonstrates the advantages of using an inbound driven marketing strategy as well as presents inbound marketing techniques within the context of a broader marketing strategy.  

Because each lead generation channel produces leads in line with spending (except for SEO), the more a business can shift resources to less expensive lead channels, the better. Here, inbound marketing techniques win over outbound techniques (trade shows, direct mail, telemarketing) because inbound techniques are generally less expensive.

Additionally, with the increasing importance of the internet as a social environment, outbound marketing strategies are becoming less effective, putting even more pressure on businesses to shift resources to inbound marketing strategies.

Although based on the previous two paragraphs, businesses should shift more of their resources to inbound marketing, that does not mean a business should eliminate their outbound marketing strategies, it just means they should play a lesser role.

Not without flaws, the paper could have benefitted from a lead generation budget allocation breakdown comparison between inbound marketing driven businesses and outbound marketing driven businesses in both large and small business categories, a disaggregation of lead generation data between blogging and social media, and an historical breakdown of lead budget allocation percentage vs. lead generation percentage to see how quickly outbound marketing is becoming less effective and inbound marketing becoming more effective.

While the paper has its limitations, it was informative and thought provoking, two great qualities for knowledge I got for free. 


**Note: One observation that I did not include in my analysis above but is nevertheless important is that the white paper’s data show that the average length of company blogging is 10.8 months, with the median being six months, an indication of a LARGE SKEW toward businesses blogging much more than 10.8 months. While the paper does not go deeply into the consequences of this observation, some things I would like to know are: how effective are these established blogging businesses compared to their more nascent counterparts, and how often do established bloggers compare to their same competitors? This knowledge would be helpful in communicating with future clients how long they should expect to blog before generating a return and also how frequently they would have to blog at different stages of their blog’s life cycle.

Filed under: Marketing Education, , ,

The Winning Way by Gyutae Park

I like free stuff, especially when the stuff is knowledge. That’s why I like my library cards at WashU, Rutgers, and my local library, that’s why I like Hubspot, and that’s why I like The Winning Way, a 118 page ebook by Gyutae Park (

Backstory, a successful internet marketer, blogger, and entrepreneur suffered from internet marketing information overload–too many web resources and blogs to process–and to resolve his dilemma, he spent six months compiling and distilling that endless information into this gem. For a taste, I have listed the chapter headings below:

  • Author’s Note
  • How to Read this Book
  • Setting Up Your Site
  • E-Commerce
  • Search Engine Optimization (SEO)
  • Blogging
  • Link Building
  • Local
  • Paid Search (Pay-Per-Click – PPC)
  • Video
  • Social Media
  • Guerilla Marketing
  • Final Words

I have read “Setting Up Your Site”, “E-Commerce”, and “Search Engine Optimization (SEO)”. I like his concise prose and additionally, he peppers his writing with links to other helpful resources. For example, in his chapter on SEO, a topic I know close to nothing about, he included a link to another blog–SEOmoz,–entitled “Beginner’s Guide – What is SEO?” Perfect!

Anyone can download his book, just go to his website (I forgot to mention his promise–if you don’t find three new ideas in his book, he’ll pay you $50 🙂 )

Filed under: Marketing Education, ,

Predictive Analytics – Add it to the Mix

Every day, I have to absorb new information and new fields within marketing. Today, the field is predictive analytics (Thank you Lewis Green for bringing it to my attention Lewis Green: Predictive Analytics). Although a general term, within marketing predictive analytics refers to using historical data about customers to predict their future decisions.

What historical data do I use? What future decisions do the analytics predict? I have to answer these questions. This post is the beginning. As always, comments on readers’ experience with predictive analytics welcome.

Filed under: Marketing Education, ,

I love Hubspot

I’ll say it again…I love Hubspot. Anyone interested in marketing, please, visit the resources section of their website, here:

Three Marketing Whitepapers, Ten Marketing Kits, Three Marketing Hubs, Twenty-Five webinars. Amazing. I don’t want to sleep, I just want to devour everything on their site.

When I start adding features to this blog, I will provide a link to Hubspot.

Filed under: Marketing Education,

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